Pouring red wine white background

After a long, stressful day, it’s nice to look forward to a nice bath and a glass of red wine. Many people actually believe red wine is a great idea what with all the health perks it’s been thought to offer, too!

But, recent studies suggest that no amount of alcohol is good for your health. So, what’s the deal really?

There’s been a debate on whether or not a glass of red wine is good for your health. While others think it makes a valuable addition to a healthy diet, some believe it’s merely hyped-up.

Studies, however, provided evidence on its possible health effects, and we’ll talk about these wellness perks in this article.

Explore how red wine could potentially lower your risk of heart disease, diabetes, and cancer; prevent the development of dementia and depression; and provide protection for your liver, skin, and teeth.

We’ll also discuss how much red wine is acceptable as well as other key factors you need to consider!

What is Red Wine?

Red wine is a type of wine produced by extracting and fermenting dark-colored grapes. It is classified into different varieties depending on its color and taste.

Merlot, Pinot noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Shiraz are some of the commonly known varieties.

Red wine typically contains between 12 and 15 percent alcohol. Its alcohol content is deemed beneficial provided red wine is consumed in moderate amounts.

The potential health effects of moderate wine consumption have been attributed to its powerful antioxidant content.

How Can Drinking Red Wine Be Good for Your Health?

Glass of red wine and sunset

Red wine boasts rich antioxidant content

The grapes being used to make red wine are rich in antioxidants, which include resveratrol, epicatechin, catechin, and proanthocyanidin.

Several studies point to resveratrol and proanthocyanidin when it comes to the heart-protecting effects of both grapes and red wine.

Such beneficial properties are linked to a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease.

Red wine was also discovered to promote longevity due to its cardioprotective powers.

Red wine prevents the risk of heart disease and stroke

Studies provided proof that small amounts of red wine can lower the risk of heart disease and stroke.

According to research, red wine’s phenolic and alcoholic components reduce the harmful effects of ionizing radiation and hydrogen peroxide, thereby protecting the heart against diseases.

A separate study found that regular and moderate consumption of alcohol lowered the risk of ischemic heart disease among middle-aged men, while their binge-drinking counterparts exhibited a higher risk.

This suggests that moderate wine intake can be beneficial for health.

Red wine reduces type-2 diabetes risk in women.

One research discovered that there are red wine benefits for female. According to the study, women who consumed alcohol from wine lowered their risk of type 2 diabetes.

Meantime, drinking high amounts of alcohol, even when done only 1 to 3 days a week, may raise the diabetes risk in men.

Red wine lowers the risk of certain types of cancer

From preventing the risk of diabetes to heart disease, red wine proves to have a potential role in a healthy diet. And more studies support red wine’s supposed health effects.

Studies further go to show that red wine not only lowers diabetes and heart disease risk but certain types of cancer as well.

Colon cancer

Researchers reported that low doses of resveratrol can decrease the size of a tumor by as much as 50 percent.

The study, however, suggests that several factors such as genetic make-up, lifestyles, and eating habits may play a role in its effectiveness.

Breast cancer

Regular alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of cancer. But naturally occurring chemicals in grapes and red wine were shown to have a possible role in preventing this risk.

Research also showed that red wine’s aromatase inhibitors reduce the levels of estrogen in premenopausal women, cutting their risk of breast cancer.

Some scientists, however, counter this study’s claim, insisting thatalcohol consumption heightens the risk of breast cancer regardless of the type of beverage.

Since grapes contain the beneficial properties, experts believe eating the fruit is a healthier choice than drinking red wine.

Lung cancer

Red wine taken in low concentrations was also found to inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells. A study suggests that red wine may possess chemoprevention and anti-tumor properties that help prevent the development of lung cancer.

Prostate cancer

Another study found that moderate red wine intake reduced the risk of prostate cancer in men. According to the research, even low amounts of red wine make men less prone to the risk.

Each additional glass of red wine every week was also found to decline the risk by six percent.

The study concludes that men who drink four to seven glasses of red wine a week were half as likely to develop prostate cancer as non-drinkers.

Additionally, red wine was found to have protective effects against aggressive or advanced cancers.

Red wine prevents cognitive decline

According to a study, moderate alcohol intake is beneficial for both men and women when it comes to brain function.

The research also found that younger adults are less likely to endure cognitive impairment when consuming light to moderate amounts of alcohol.

Older adults also appear to lower their risk of cognitive decline and dementia from light to moderate alcohol intake.

Red wine reduces the risk of depression

Depression may also be prevented by drinking moderate amounts of red wine. Another research found that high-risk men and women who drank two to seven glasses of wine every week exhibited a lower risk of depression.

The heavy drinkers, meantime, were placed at a higher risk.

Red wine protects the liver

Modest wine intake was also linked to a decreased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

According to a study, moderate wine consumption lowers the prevalence of NAFLD, providing support for a glass of red wine per day.

Red wine protects skin against harmful UV rays

Apparently, there are also red wine benefits for the skin. Researchers found that grapes can help guard the skin against the harmful effects of UV rays.

Grapes and wine also contain flavonoids that suppress the formation of the skin cell’s reactive oxygen species (ROS) during sun exposure.

Experts, however, strongly recommend adding grapes to sun protection items instead of consuming more red wine.

Red wine fights cavities

If you’re looking for one more good reason to pour that red wine in a glass, here it is: red wine also has potential in preventing cavities.

According to a report, red wine helps to eliminate bacteria on the teeth, reducing the development of dental cavities.

How Much Wine is Considered Healthy?

Two glasses of red wine toast

Whether or not you should drink red wine is something that lies in your discretion as there are opposing and contradicting studies and expert opinions regarding the matter.

But, if red wine is something that you absolutely love, it is recommended to consume it in moderate amounts.

In the United States and Europe, moderate red wine intake is considered to be one to one and a half glasses per day for women, and one to two glasses for men.

Some sources, meantime, indicate that being alcohol-free for one to two days per week is ideal.

Remember, though, that these recommended alcohol amounts pertain to the total alcohol consumption. Taking such amounts of red wine on top of other alcoholic drinks may result in adverse effects.

People with a substance abuse record or a family history of alcoholism must avoid all alcoholic beverages altogether.

Important Pointers to Keep in Mind

Drinking moderate amounts of wine has been linked to a number of health perks. So, if you are after enjoying these potential health effects, it should remain that way: moderate intake.

As with all things, too much is bad enough. Excessive wine drinking may result in addiction, depression, mental health issues, fatty liver, cirrhosis, heart diseases, stroke, certain types of cancer, and other chronic illnesses.

It is also important to note that while several studies support the health effects of red wine, some scientific studies counter such claims as well.

For example, the Center for Disease and Control Prevention (CDC) emphasized that all types of alcoholic beverages including red and white wine are associated with cancer.

And the more you consume these drinks, the higher your risk of this chronic disease.

A systematic analysis of studies also concluded that the safest level of alcohol consumption is none, which means, in order to stay healthy, you must totally avoid all types of alcohol including red wine.

The Cancer Research UK also said that while moderate alcohol consumption has potential health perks, there are “safer and healthier ways” to achieve your goals such as regular physical activity and healthy eating habits.

Takeaway

Despite its potential role in improving our overall health, red wine consumption is something that you should consider nixing for healthier alternatives.

You can do other things to reach your fitness and wellness goals such as eating a well-balanced diet and getting physically active.

But, if drinking red wine is something that you can’t take out of the equation, it’ll probably won’t hurt unless you’re overdrinking.

As long as you stick with the recommended one to two glasses per day (as claimed by other studies), red wine might have some good effects on you.

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